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    高中英语高频成语翻译汇总!翻译、写作都能用到!
    2018-11-18 17:21:33   来源:广东睿博教育   评论:0 点击:

    汉语博大精深,往往几个字,一个词就能表达无穷的意境,但如果在翻译题中遇到了这些词汇,我们该如何翻译呢?
    高中英语高频成语翻译汇总!翻译、写作都能用到!
    汉语博大精深,往往几个字,一个词就能表达无穷的意境,但如果在翻译题中遇到了这些词汇,我们该如何翻译呢?今天小编就为大家总结了高中英语翻译题中经常出现的成语词汇的翻译,这些词如果用在作文中也会让阅卷老师眼前一亮,大家一定要好好学习哦~

     

     

    1. 挨家挨户from door to door

    例题:医生挨家挨户上门巡访,省去了许多老年人去医院的麻烦.(save)

    Doctors’ door-to-door visits save many old people’s trouble of going to hospital.

     

    2. 爱不释手

    can’t bear standing part with/putting it down /leaving it aside

    例题:这部有关第一次世界大战的历史小说引人入胜,我简直爱不释手。(so…that)

    The historical novel about/describing World War I / the First World War is so attractive that I can’t bear (to do …)/stand parting with it / putting it down (back ,aside )/ leaving it aside 。

     

    3. 安于现状

    be satisfied with reality/ present situation

    例题:我们高中生应该有远大的志向,不应该只满足于现状。(satisfy)

    We senior high students should have great ambition and (should) not be satisfied with reality/present situation.

     

    4。 摆脱烦恼

    get rid of/ to be free from worries

    例题:得知他心情不好,我建议他与朋友聊聊天,以去除烦恼。(suggest)

    Knowing (that) he is in a bad mood, I suggest his chatting with friends to get rid of /to be free from worries.

     

    5. 彼此埋怨be to blame each other

    例题:遇到困难的时候,我们需要的不是彼此埋怨,而是相互帮助。(not…but)

    When (we are) in difficulty / When we meet with difficulties, what we need is not to blame each other but to help each other.

     

    6. 别无选择have no choice but to do

    例题:当时,那位出租车司机别无选择,只能求助于游客。(choice)

    At that time the taxi driver had no choice but to turn to the tourist/traveler (for help).

     

    7. 不得而知remain unknown

    例题:玛丽是否参加这次英语晚会尚不得而知。(remain)

    It remains unknown whether Mary will attend the English Evening.

     

    8. 不辞而别 leave without saying good-bye

    例题:我们对他的不辞而别感到很惊讶。(without)

    We were greatly surprised that he has left without saying goodbye.

     

    9. 不可估量beyond measure

    例题:尽管付出的努力不可估量,但那些偏远山城都已通车,这让全国人民感到无比自豪。(accessible)

    Although the efforts made are beyond measure, those remote mountainous cities have been accessible to cars, which makes all the Chinese people / the whole nation feel very proud/full of pride.

     

    10. 不甚感激appreciate it very much

    例题:如果你一收到消息就能给我答复的话,我将不胜感激。(the moment)

    I would appreciate it very much if you could reply to me/give me a reply the moment you receive the message.

     

    11. 不懈努力great effort

    例题:尽管各国政府已做出了不懈的努力,但要应对日益严重的全球性气候变暖问题还需制定更有效的措施。(despite)

    Despite the great effort made by governments, more effective measures should be made to deal with the ever worsening problem of global warming。

     

    12. 不假思索 without hesitation

    例题:吉姆不假思索地回答了老师的问题。(hesitation)

    Jim answered his teacher’s question(s) without (any) hesitation. Jim answered the question(s) asked by his teacher with no hesitation.

     

    13。 不尽如人意be far from satisfactory

    例题:这个地区的经济发展得很快,可使某些市民的素质还不尽如人意。(quality)

    The economy of this area develops very fast but some citizens’ qualities are far from satisfactory.

     

    14. 不容忽视should not be ignored/ neglected

    例题:这个事故使我们意识到安全问题不容忽视。(realize)

    This accident made us realize that safety problems should not be ignored.

    例题:防火意识不容忽视,不然的话会对生命和财产造成不可估量的损失。(neglect)

    (The sense of) Fire protection should not be neglected (We should not neglect fire protection), or great damage might be caused to the lives and property.

     

    15. 不知所措be/ feel at a loss

    例题:网络在我们日常生活中起了举足轻重的作用,以至于当不能上网时人们感到无所适从。(loss)

    Internet plays such an important role in our daily life that people feel at a loss when they can’t go online/ surf the Internet/ don’t have access to the Internet。

    例题:消费者对冷冻食品失去信心的事实令生产厂家一筹莫展。(loss)

    The fact that consumers have lost confidence in frozen food makes the manufacturers at a loss。

     

    16. 彻夜未眠

    didn’t fall asleep last night/ be awake all night

    例题:只喝一杯咖啡就会使我整晚睡不着。(keep)

    Drinking only a cup of coffee will keep me awake all night.

    例题:昨晚听到他喜欢的足球获胜的消息,他兴奋得彻夜未眠。(too…to…)

    Hearing the news that his favorite team won the match, he was too excited to fall asleep last night.

     

    17. 催人泪下people are moved to tears

    例题:昨晚残疾人的演出非常成功,让观众们感动得流下了眼泪。(so…that…)

    The performance put up by the disabled/ The disabled people’s performance last night was so successful that many people were moved to tears.

     

    18. 寸步难行can do nothing without

    例题:电脑已触及到每个人的日常生活,难怪有人说当今世界不懂电脑,就寸步难行。(no wonder)

    The computer has touched on everyone’s daily life。 No wonder someone says that you can do nothing without the knowledge of computer / its knowledge。

     

    19. 大为惊叹be greatly amazed/ impressed

    例题:这些十八世纪的油画保存得这样好, 使参观者大为惊叹。(so …that)

    These eighteenth-century oil paintings have been/are preserved so well that the visitors are greatly amazed/ impressed。

     

    20. 放任自流let him be

    例题:父母经常面对这样的选择:要么做他们认为有利于孩子发展的事情,要么对其放任自流。(either)

    Parents often faced the choice that either they did what they felt was good for the development of the child or they just let him be.

     

    21.孤身一人,无亲无故

    be single and has no friends or relatives

    例题:虽然她孤身一人,无亲无故,但邻居们都向她伸出了援助之手。(offer)

    Though she is single and has no friends or relatives, all the neighbors offer her help/

    a helping hand /to help her.

     

    22.固执己见always stick to one’s own opinion

    例题:我发现很难与那些一贯固执已知的人合作。(…it…)

    I find it (is) hard to cooperate with those who always stick to their own opinions。

     

    23.刮目相看look at sb. differently/ with new eyes/ regard sb. in a totally different light

    例题:他进公司后不久就独立完成了一项艰巨的任务,同事们对他刮目相看。(so)

    He finished a difficult task on his own/independently soon/ shortly after he entered the company, so his colleagues looked at him differently/ with new eyes/regarded him in a totally different light.

     

    24。毫不费力

    have no difficulty/ trouble (in) doing sth。

    例题:他们毫不费力第就找到了那位好心人。(difficulty)

    They had no difficulty finding the warm-hearted man/person。

     

    25。毫无疑问,不容置疑 

    There is no doubt that.../ It cannot be doubted that

    例题:毫无疑问,旅行使人开阔眼界,增长知识。(doubt)

    There is no doubt/ It can’t be doubted that travelling broadens one’s mind and enlarge/ improve/ increase one’s knowledge.

     

    26。后悔莫及regret doing

    例题:他很后悔失去了获得奖学金的机会。(regret)

    He regretted losing/having lost the chance to win a scholarship.

     

    27。后来居上catch up with sb。

    例题:上周因为生病我缺了一些课,但是我会努力赶上大家的。(miss)

    Because of illness/Being ill last week, I missed some lessons, but I will try to catch up with others.

     

    27。加强合作

    strengthen/ enhance one’s cooperation

    例题:如果队员之间不加强配合,我校篮球队就不可能在决赛中战胜对手。(unless)

    Our school basketball team will not beat the opponents in the final match/final(s) unless the team members strengthen their cooperation / cooperate well with each other.

     

    28。家喻户晓/众所周知

    As is known to all, …/ It is known to all that

    例题:众所周知,成功来自于勤奋,不努力则一事无成。(without)

    As is known to all, success comes from hard work/diligence, and nothing can be

    achieved without efforts/hard work.

     

    例题:众所周知,他的成功完全是努力的结果。(due to)

    It is known to all that his success is entirely/totally/completely due to his hard work.

     

    29。坚守岗位keep to one’s post

    例题:无论风多大、雨多急,警察一直坚守在岗位上。(no matter …)

    No matter how hard the rain falls and the wind blows, the police keep to their posts.

     

    30.竭尽所能do/ try ones best to do

    例题:我们应该竭尽所能是城市变得更美丽。(try)

    We should try our best to make the city more beautiful。

     

    31.截然不同观点

    have totally different opinion with us

    例题:交流时,我们可能会遇到与自己观点截然不同的人。(likely)

    When communicating, we are likely to meet people who have totally different opinions

    with us.

     

    32.惊人速度incredible rate/ speed

    例题:我国到处都是高楼大厦,其发展速度真是惊人。(spring up / incredible)

    High-rise apartment buildings have sprung up everywhere in China at an incredible

    rate / speed。

     

    33.聚精会神be absorbed in

    例题:我在全神贯注地看书,没有听到手机在响。(absorb)

    I was so absorbed in reading that I didn’t hear my cell phone ringing。

     

    34.困难重重has great difficulty/ be very difficult

    例题:虽然困难重重,但他父母还是设法及时赶到了上海。( despite )

    Despite / In spite of the great difficulty, his parents managed to get to/ arrive in/ reach Shanghai in time.

     

    35.屡见不鲜appear so frequently

    例题:这类事故在媒体上屡见不鲜,应该制定有效措施防止这类事故再次发生。(prevent)

    This kind of accident appears on media so frequently that effective measures are

    being made to prevent it (from ) happening again.

     

    36.抵制诱惑resist the temptation of 

    例题:在招待会上,他没能抵抗住那些美食的诱惑,吃了很多。(fail)

    He failed to resist the temptation of the delicious food in the reception and ate a lot。

     

    37。旗鼓相当be equal to sb。 in sth。

    例题:虽然他在技巧和经验上都与我旗鼓相当,但是谁都有可能夺冠。(equal)

    Though he is equal to me in skill and experience, either of us is likely to win the

    Championship.

     

    38.齐心协力

    work cooperatively/ with combined efforts

    例题:只要我们齐心协力,就能很快解决这个技术难题.

    So long as / If we work cooperatively / with combined efforts, we will be able to

    solve/ work out the technical problems。

     

    39.千载难逢a rare/ golden chance

    例题:既然经济舱位的票很畅销,我们应尽快打电话到售票处询问一下,以免坐失良机。(now that)

    Now that the tickets for economy class are popular, we should call the booking/ticket office to inquires soon as possible,making sure that we won't miss/lose the golden Chance。

     

    40.日益增长ever increasing

    例题:孩子们从小就不得不在学业上竞争,这就给他们带来了日益增加的精神压力。(which)

    Children had to compete with each other since they were very young, which brought

    them increasing psychological pressure.

     

    41.日益恶化

    be getting worse/ become worse and worse

    例题:异常的天气表明我们的生存环境正日益恶化,而这正是大自然给予我们的警告。(which)

    Unusual weather indicates that our living environment is getting worse, which is the warning to us from nature。

     

    41.日益紧张increasingly intense

    例题:日益紧张的医患关系有待解决。(remain)

    The increasingly tense doctor-patient relationship remains to be solved.

     

    42.三言两语in a few words

    例题:这个游戏的规则太复杂,三言两语解释不清。(too…。to)

    The rules of the game are too complicated to explain/be explained in a few words.

     

    43.司空见惯be so used to

    例题:人们对像手机和电脑这样的电子产品早已司空见惯,以致于很难想象没有它们生活会变成什么样。(such…as…)

    People are so used to such electronic products as mobile phones and computers that it is hard to imagine what life would be like without them.

     

    44.受到认可be recognized/ received by

    例题:就实际效果来看,新的规则极大地改善了交通状况,受到了广大群众的认可。(recognize)

    In terms of practical effect, the new regulation greatly improved the traffic condition and was recognized by the public。

     

    例题:虽然不被公众看好,但这位歌手仍然坚持自己的演唱风格。(stick)

    Although the singer is not well recognized/received by the audience (popular with the audience), he sticks to his own singing style.

     

    45。受用一生

    sb。 benefit from sth。 / sth。 benefits sb。 all your life

    例题:良好的教育史你今后可以受用终身的。(benefit)

    A good education benefits you/ is what you can benefit from all your life in your whole life。

     

    46.特长、强项/弱点strong point/ weak point

    例题:应该鼓励年轻人按照自己的特长选择职业。(encourage)

    Young people should be encouraged to choose their careers according to their own

    strong points.

     

    47.玩火自焚

    those who play with fire will surely get burnt

    例题:他们应该从这件事中得出教训,玩火者必自焚。(burn)

    They should learn a lesson from this accident that those who play with fire will surely get burnt.

     

    48。无懈可击perfect 哈哈这个超简单吧!

    例题:那里的服务无懈可击,还免费出借雨伞。(borrow)

    The service there is perfect and umbrellas are borrowed free of charge.

     

    49.一步之遥be just one step away from success

    例题:许多失败者往往没意识到,其实他们离成功只有一步之遥。(realize)

    Many losers don’t realize that they are just one step away from success.

     

    50。一无所知be ignorant of sth。

    例题:我对学生所谈的电子产品一无所知, 我发现自己落伍了。(ignorant)

    Being ignorant of the electronic products the students are talking about, I find myself left behind.

     

    51。以备不时只需in case of unexpected needs/ that they are needed some day

    例题:年轻时多学点技能是明智的,以备不时之需。(in case)

    It is sensible/ wise to learn more skills when young in case of unexpected needs/ (that) they are needed in the future.

     

    52。引人注意、吸引眼球catch one’s attention/ eye

    例题:这些彩色果盆当时引起了我的注意,使我想起了快乐的童年。(remind)

    These colorful fruit bowls caught my eye at that time, reminding me of the happy childhood.

     

    53.有求必应be always ready to help

    例题:我向她请教,她总是有求必应,而且解释得令我十分满意。(satisfaction)

    Every time I ask her for advice, she is always ready to help, and explains to my full satisfaction。

     

    54。有所转变have changed to some extent

    例题:虽然大家对整容的看法在某种程度上已有所转变,但必须承认它带来的风险。(Although)

    Although people’s view on cosmetic surgery has changed to some extent, we must acknowledge that risk goes with it/ there is risk.

     

    55.与时俱进keep pace with the times/change with the times

    例题:老人们发现越来越难跟上现代科学的发展。(keep up)

    The old find it harder and harder to keep up with the development of modern science.

     

    56.与世隔绝be isolated from the outside world

    例题:这个村庄几乎与世隔绝,许多民间习俗得以很好地保留。(preserve)

    The village is almost isolated from the outside world, thus lots of local customs are well preserved there.

     

    57.援助之手reach out your hands in aid of sb./ give sb. a helping hand

    例题:伸出援手去帮助那些身处困境的人们,你就会发现你的人生更有意义。(aid n.)

    Reach out your hands in aid of those(who are)in trouble and you’ll find your life more meaningful.

    秋考:虽然她孤身一人,无亲无故,但邻居们都向她伸出了援助之手。(offer)

    Though she is single and has no friends or relatives, all the neighbors offer her help/ a helping hand /to help her.

     

    58.乍一看at the first sight/ glance of sth.

    例题:乍一看,这块手表没有什么特别之处,但实际上它是一部手机。(there be)

    At the first sight, there is nothing special about the watch, but in fact it is a mobile phone。

     

    59。志同道合have a common goal/ similar ideals and beliefs

    例题:我和他志同道合,而且年龄和家庭背景相似,我想这就是为什么我们成

    为好朋友的原因。(which)

    He and I have a common goal/ have similar ideals and beliefs/ share the same views

    and are similar in age and family background, which I think is the reason why we have become good friends。

     

    60.山高林密 the high mountains and thick forests

    例题:尽管山高林密,医护人员还是迅速地赶到出事地点,实施援救。(despite)

    Despite the high mountains and thick forests, the doctors and nurses rushed to the scene of the accident for the rescue/to carry out the rescue。

     

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